The new European Strategy for the bioeconomy places emphasis on the territorial dimension: rapidly developing local “bioeconomies” throughout the continent. The geographical focal points are cities, rural and coastal areas. What is left out? Certainly not the mountainous areas of Europe, with their particular interest in forestry, representing another focal point.  According to the wording of the new Strategy, all European citizens should reap the benefits of an expanding bioeconomy, regardless of where they live. It may seem like just another catchy slogan. The feasibility of a “territorial bioeconomy” can be measured only according to what is actually being done in a meta-sector, aggregating economic sectors that are sometimes characterised by opposite relationships...