Over the years, EPR has been applied within the European Union and various countries to different waste streams, including packaging waste at municipal level. This has undoubtedly led to a better environmental performance of packaging given, for instance, increased waste recycling results. Shifting responsibility for packaging waste from taxpayers to producers, and ultimately to consumers, achieves the internalisation of waste management costs into the final price of the product.  Within an EPR scheme, the responsibility of the producer can be tangible, financial and/or informational. The OECD considers the internalisation of external environmental costs as a fundamental aspect in environmental policy design and more specifically of EPR. In the EU, these principles hav...