The story of the Landbell Group begins in 1995 with the advent of “take-back” policies: the set of measures that introduced the obligation for producers to recycle the packaging materials they used for their goods. It may seem strange today, but until Germany launched its Packaging ordinance in 1991, only very few materials – such as scrap iron – were routinely recycled. Until then, all over the world, consumer packaging and electronic products ended up in landfills. Today take-back obligations and voluntary practices have spread across the planet and across material waste streams. More importantly, consumers have adopted new behaviours, while innovative industrial and consultancy services are contributing to the development of a circular economy that is economically an...