Mining is an increasingly hot topic in the global community. Germany, a country traditionally considered to be a green leader, is just one example of the struggles faced when enacting a rapid and fair coal phase-out. Undoubtedly, the main challenge lies in offering employment solutions to the many miners that will lose their jobs. However, a second question also arises: what will happen to the giant mining areas once they are no longer used for resource extraction? The question is pertinent to all types of mining, from copper in Peru to diamonds in Australia or zinc in Canada. A mine’s lifecycle goes through different stages. For gold mining, which occurs in open pit mines, the World Gold Council identifies five different phases: exploration, development, operation, dec...