Long gone are the days when the big enterprises of the early capitalism used to rule from within the innovation processes, from basic research to the marketing of new products. Nowadays such innovation processes are governed by large, complex and structured production chains, with various economic and non-economic actors, often with a local connotation, influencing their characteristics and results. An interest in clusters is not merely linked to their economic potential but also to their value as a planning tool by public intervention on the environment. With the term bioeconomy – meant as an economy using biological resources as input for food, feed, energy and industrial production – we refer to a metasector worth 2 trillion euro in Europe, creating 22 million jobs,...