The imposition of an uneven, forced modernization, on the one side; the retribution of archaic, systematic violence, on the other. In the Islamic world, a third way between these two extremes is slowly taking shape, a path that combines respect for the environment as taught by the Qur’an with the potential for cultural and economic rebirth driven by an emphasis on the reuse of resources, minimization of waste, attention to efficiency, and social stability. Its proponent is Yahya Sergio Pallavicini, Vice President of Co.Re.Is. (Comunità Religiosa Islamica, the Italian Islamic Religious Community) and Chair of the ISESCO Council for Education and Culture in the West. You speak of two extremes, but the brutal expansion of the Islamic State demonstrates a sort of unde...