The strong presence of the chemical industry (the sixth European country by turnover, according to CEFIC, the European Chemical Industry Council, and first in the world on a per capita basis), with large fermentation plants such as AlcoBiofuel and Biowanze, good availability of biomass, an integrated logistic network in one of the most developed areas in the continent, where the ports of Ghent and Antwerp play a strategic role. And there are also excellent public and private research, dedicated clusters and pilot plants enabling industrial scale-up of technologies. These are the main characteristics of Belgium’s bioeconomy, where the Flemish Region plays a pivotal role. Set aside the coal-based era, today Belgium has identified the use of renewable sources as the flywh...