Following an intense consultation phase with stakeholders (businesses, councils and citizens), in April 2018 the French government licenced the roadmap that will guide the country’s transition towards a circular economy (Feuille de route de l’économie circulaire). The ambition is clear: after becoming world-leaders in climate defence, the new target is to achieve primacy in the promotion of the circular economy, placing French businesses amongst the strongest ‘circular’ performers in Europe thanks to an increase in competitiveness, which is to be achieved by “closing the loop” in terms of resource use. “Today there is a need to adopt a global vision for the use of resources that goes beyond simply fighting waste and promotes a complete societal transformation, in a spir...