This implies analysing what its economic relevance is, assuming that there is a very close connection between economic development and the rational and sustainable use of matter flows. In order to answer this broad research question, it is necessary to mention some changes occurring in our economies. We shall try to make a list to shed some light on the joint effect of processes holding together economic, social and value changes. First and foremost we need to analyse the ever-so-pressing issue of the lack of basic raw materials and commodities which is one of the drivers of a radical transformation occurring in the economic system. A recent report by Mc Kinsey (2012) shows how, in just a decade, the real price of commodities has soared by 147% compared to the prices at...